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What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is the part of dentistry that handles malocclusions, or ‘bad bites’. A malocclusion occurs when the lips or jaws don’t line up the way they should, which can result in crooked teeth, a bite that doesn’t work correctly, or jaws that look uneven.

An orthodontist fixes a bad bite by using appliances and braces. This teeth correction and their supportive structures give you a healthy, beautiful smile.

What Can Cause Orthodontic Problems?

Most bad bites are inherited. Often genetic issues such as crowding, spacing, extra teeth, missing teeth, and jaw growth problems, among others, can lead to a bad bite.

Problems such as thumb sucking, loss of primary teeth, or an accident can also result in a bad bite.

Why is Treatment Important?

Crooked teeth and a crowded mouth can be difficult to clean, resulting in tooth decay, tooth loss, and sometimes gum disease. A bad bite can lead to unbalanced wear of teeth, chewing difficulties, or speaking issues. These issues can add stress to the supporting gum tissue and bones.

Emotionally, an unattractive smile can hinder self-esteem and confidence. A child can go through life covering their mouth and avoiding smiling if left untreated.

When Should a Child get an Orthodontic Check-Up?

It is recommended by The American Association of Orthodontists that children get their first orthodontist check-up at the age of seven. When issues are found early, they are far easier to correct.

Do Adults Benefit from Orthodontic Treatment?

Around one in every five orthodontic patients is over the age of eighteen. Braces can work at almost any age, and treatment is more appealing nowadays to adults as the solution is more comfortable and less visible.

Is there a Choice for the Braces?

Yes! There is a choice for patients to ensure the most comfortable option to straighten the teeth:

● Metal braces – these are very durable braces where patients can show off their braces and coloured elastic ties.

● Ceramic braces – these are clear braces that are designed for patients who want excellent treatment quality and aesthetic solutions.

● Invisalign – this is an excellent option for a patient who has complex orthodontic problems and for those who want an invisible solution. This clear plastic appliance is replaced every couple of weeks.

What is my role during treatment?

Orthodontic treatments require a joint effort between the patient and the dentist. The patient must adhere to the orthodontist’s instructions and attend all scheduled appointments. They must also maintain great dental hygiene procedures, including brushing, flossing and regular dental examinations.

How Long Does Treatment Take?

Receiving treatment from an orthodontist generally takes around one to three years, plus retention. The latter stage involves the use of retainers, and this begins when the braces are removed. If using Invisalign, the treatment time is often reduced.

How much does treatment cost?

Depending on the circumstances, including treatment time and the extent of the bad bite, your orthodontist will discuss the cost and financing options before any treatment starts. Having braces today is a far more affordable option than ever before.

“Every tooth in a man’s head is more valuable than a diamond”

― Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote, 1605

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Phone: 250-652-5222
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Office Hours
Mon 11:00 AM – 7:00 PM
Tues and Wed 8:00 AM – 4:00 PM
Thursdays available according to the patient's individual treatment plan and Dr. Nik's discretion